Various physical as well as psychological symptoms in the menstrual cycle can indicate ovulation and the fertile phase. Ovulation pain is a secondary sign of fertility, which can additionally confirm the fertile days apart from the basal body temperature and the cervical mucus.1 It usually occurs approximately in the middle of the cycle during the ovulation phase, if menstruation takes place regularly. It is also known as intermenstrual pain or mittelschmerz, which comes from the German words for “middle” and “pain”.2
A luteal phase defect – also known as luteal insufficiency – can be a possible cause if a pregnancy does not happen. This disorder is also referred to as hormone-related infertility, since the progesterone is not sufficiently produced. The consequences are, due to a lack of nutrients in the endometrium, either a lack of implantation or implantation under poor hormonal conditions, which can lead to an early abortion.
Period pain is cramping pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation. Up to 40% of women suffer from menstrual cramps while the intensity varies. Period pain as well the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are the most common unpleasant side effects of menses and often come with further symptoms like nausea, back pain or mood swings.
Here comes part 2 of our recipe series „Eat yourself happy“. Chef Ralf Kronmüller prepared another mouth-watering menu that contains the perfect nutrients to fight PMS. Below you will find the recipes, which are easily prepared.
Endometriosis is the development of uterine-lining tissue – the endometrium – outside the uterus. The symptoms of this disorder may include abdominal pain, heavy periods, and infertility.